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Growing slowly to heights of 12 to 15 metres, Macadamia trees have shiny dark green leaves, and bear sprays (racemes) of long, delicate, sweet-smelling white or pink blossoms. Each spray of 40 - 50 flowers produces from four to fifteen 'nutlets' which will eventually ripen into nuts.
The nuts grow encased in a hard, woody shell, which is protected by a green-brown fibrous husk. In its natural state a macadamia tree will have flowers, nutlets and mature nuts growing simultaneously, in profusion for much of the year.
The nuts fall to the ground between March and September each year and are collected by pin wheel harvesters, at regular intervals.
The principle growing regions are all in the Southern Hemisphere; South Africa, Australia and Kenya although China is now trying to cultivate this highly prized nut domestically.
Macadamia kernels are graded as 'styles' from 0-8, where 0 & 1 are whole nuts and styles 2-8 are decreasing sized pieces.
Macadamia Pastes and ButtersNut Butters